Castration is the surgical removal of the testicles. Kittens as young as 12 weeks of age can be neutered. Advantages of castration consist of reducing the unwanted kitten population and elimination of the behavioral problems associated with intact male cats.
Male cats, under the influence of testosterone, develop behavior characteristics that are a detriment to your cat’s health as well as sometimes annoying to us humans.
Cats that fight with other cats are exposed to Feline leukemina, Feline AIDS virus along with a variety of other diseases. If you have a multiple cat household, your cat could bring home these diseases to your other cats.
Abscesses commonly form from fighting, and can result in multiple trips to the vet hospital to treat infection. There can be times that abscesses become so severe that areas of skin literally slough away from the extreme infections that form from cat fights.
Roaming exposes cats to environmental dangers such as car accidents and other traumas. Poisoning from toxicities such as antifreeze or poisonous plants is also something we see in our animal ER.
A tomcat will mark territory by spraying various surfaces with urine. Urine from intact males is particularly strong and pungent, so spraying can be a detriment when your furniture is the target. Spraying, yowling, roaming, are fighting are tomcat characteristics that are markedly improved with castration.
Our doctor will examine your cat prior to anesthesia and surgery. Blood work is recommended to help ensure that kidney, blood and liver values are all within normal range.
A mild sedative and pain medication is given before surgery. Pain medication given prior to surgery actually helps to relieve more pain than when given after surgery. Research has shown that when we control pain, and make our patients more comfortable there is faster healing and recovery.
An IV injection is given to induce anesthesia. The patient is maintained during surgery in a controlled plane of anesthesia with an inhalant anesthetic, isoflurane. The surgery, removal of the testicles, is performed under full anesthesia. Because of the type of anesthesia protocol we use, we are able to discharge our patients the same day as surgery.
Although general anesthesia and surgery always involve a certain amount of risk, it is unlikely that your cat will have any serious problem with his surgery. If your pet licks excessively or chews excessively at the incision, loses appetite, seems lethargic or any other issue you have a question about, please immediately give us a call. A little licking is OK, persistent licking is not. Because there are no skin sutures, you will not need to make another trip to the hospital to have the sutures removed.